Ročník 41 (1986), 3
State - Aktuálne problémy materialistickej dialektiky
The paper is an attempt at an outline of a conspicuous advancement in the development of materialist dialectics in the last twenty years.
Dialectical negation in its ontological meaning is an important category of the dialectical universe in which everything flows, exerts mutual influence, restricts each other and thereby also negates.
In the paper these external negations are analyzed which are related, from the viewpoint of a particular thing [its qualities, etc.), to other such… Čítať ďalej
Starting from the basic functions of the categories of materialist dialectics — the ontological, gnoseological, logical and methodological functions, the role and function of these categories in contemporary natural sciences is analyzed.
In the paper it is simultaneously pointed out that philosophical categories cannot be applied to special sciences… Čítať ďalej
In the paper the author argues that the scientific thought as such can be located into periods and in each of these periods a substance, law, structure, etc. typical for the given period, prevails and also an adequate research programme and an interpretation of the world corresponding to them. He shows that sharp frontiers between these stages of scientific… Čítať ďalej
The páper is based on the dialectical-materialist understanding of infinity and objective dialectics of material reality and it deals with the problem of „possible“ worlds.
The dialectical- materialist conception of infinity is studied from three basic aspects: 1. the qualitative-quantitative, 2. space—time, 3. evolutionary aspect. The distinction is made… Čítať ďalej
In the paper the relation of the pre-dialectical and dialectical conception of causality and main trends of its contemporary state are analyzed. In spite of the fact that the dialectical conception evidently overcomes qualitatively methodological and worldview shortcomings of the pre-dialectical conception in the theoretical aspect and in the practical impact,… Čítať ďalej
The concept of progress as a value appeared first in the Antique period and the optimism of the Enlightenment was based on it, too, while contemporary bourgeois consciousness rejects it. The problem of the inner continuity of history and social progress as a dominant tendency of social evolution were apprehended scientifically by the materialist conception of… Čítať ďalej