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Filozofia, roč. 77 (2022), č. 8, 575 - 589.
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Václav Černík (1931 – 2017) was one of the founders of modern philosophy of science in Slovakia. This paper focuses on his lifelong project of founding a Marxist methodology of science based on a reconstruction of Marx’s Capital. The project had three main pillars: (1) a theory of a new type of scientific law, (2) dialectics as a theory of philosophical categories… Čítať ďalej

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Filozofia, roč. 77 (2022), č. 8, 590 - 607.
Abstrakt

The paper investigates possible forms of explanatory monism for the cases of non-causal explanations (primarily Reutlinger 2018; Woodward 2018). In the conceptual analysis, the advantages and weaknesses of the counterfactual view of explanation are examined. Although this conception of explanation provides a common explanatory framework, it cannot sufficiently… Čítať ďalej

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Filozofia, roč. 77 (2022), č. 8, 608 - 625.
Abstrakt

In this paper, I try to offer a full-fledged defense of principle-based ethics against moral particularism. My discussions not only refute particularists’ allegations against moral generalism but also provide a positive rationale for a principle-based approach in ethics. By borrowing insights from Brandom’s and Peregrin’s normative pragmatism, I describe the… Čítať ďalej

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Filozofia, roč. 77 (2022), č. 8, 626 - 640.
Abstrakt

The paper examines the possibilities of friendship in transhumanist ideas of society of posthumans. Some transhumanists claim that human enhancenment through technologies will also lead to a better and more cohesive society. The presented article challenges this claim by showing that transhumanist theories rather omit the social aspects of humans and their… Čítať ďalej

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Filozofia, roč. 77 (2022), č. 8, 641 - 654.
Abstrakt

The paper explores Kierkegaardʼs involvement in politics. The Danish thinker offers a very peculiar and sophisticated path to Christianity for individuals. For him, ethical and religious, especially Christian strivings of an individual, is of utmost importance. Politics, on the other hand, should remain a limited domain of finite problems and practical solutions.… Čítať ďalej

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