Ročník 37 (1982), 4
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 443-457.
In the paper the rise and development of systems approach, the basic forms of systems methods — systems approach, general systems theory, specialized systems theories are examined. Contemporary stage in the construction of general systems theory is analyzed which makes it its task to discover and to explain theoretically regularities of the construction, behaviour,… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 458-470.
In the paper the author deals with questions of mutual connection and determinations of the key-ideas of contemporary scientific thought: the idea of the system and the idea of integration. In the analysis of integrative processes of scientific syntheses he makes use of the general typology outlined by В. M. Kedrov and he completes it by integrative methods… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 471-482.
In the paper the problem of the relation of dialectics and systems approach is put up in connection with the criticism of non-Marxist conceptions which try to substitute the dialectical-materialist foundation of scientific cognition by the systems-science foundation. Continuously the author analyzes the development of science and philosophy in relation to the theory… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 483-498.
In the paper the author makes difference between a broader and a narrower conception of structure. In the narrower conception of structure he accentuates the lay out (geometry) of elements within the whole. He identifies the broader conception of structure with essential links, relations and Interactions between the elements of the objects which form its substance… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 499-504.
In the paper the signification of the concept „system“ in the European rational way of thinking is analyzed where it connotes the concept „objectivity“ and is also linked with the notion „completeness“. The author demonstrates in Hegel’s History of Philosophy that the systematic character of knowledge is the condition of objectivity of knowledge and so from the very… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 505-515.
Contemporary methods of disciplines in social research cannot be considered to be optimally effective systems methods. Social sciences for their task to reproduce theoretically contemporary social changes must be equipped with consequential systems cognitive and applicative methods. Consequential systems research which grasps exhaustively in wide and depth the very… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 516-523.
In the contribution the problems, possibilities and limits of systems approach in the sociologie research of the family are analyzed. In connection with differentiation processes in science the integrative function of systems approach which is one of the components of interdisciplinary approach in scientific research is referred to. Special attention is paid to… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 524-532.
In the paper the authors deal with the application of systems approach in psychology from the viewpoint of the place and function of cognitive activity. They apply the method of systems approach in cognitive psychology where mutual cooperation and determination of cognitive processes are discused. Systems approach in this sphere mostly results In the construction of… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 533-537.
The systems character of communication in science is determined not only by the construction of the language and by the methodic nature of cognitive activity. The research activity is organized in the social and institutional way, it has its inputs and outputs in connection with practice and in reflecting the real processes which, along with the diversity and variety… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 538-546.
The paper deals with the importance of systems approach in technical sciences and with the character of technical knowledge. Systems approach was by nature of the technical object always intuitively inherent in technical knowledge. The intense development of technology in this century made it necessary to work out explicitly theories and methods which solve… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 547-551.
The author analyzes the contemporary systems research in linguistics. He demonstrates how phonemes and consonants can be modelled by a matrix or a tree-diagram. He shows the structural character of the language by means of a) the system of linguistic signs, b) the system of grammatical categories, c) the system of grammatical units, d) the system of pragmatic units… Čítať ďalej
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 552-556.
In the paper the possibilities, ways and the importance of the application of systems approach in the sphere of the Marxist-Leninist sociology of religion are investigated. In particular the relation between socialism as a social system and religion is discussed. The author shows how religion looses its functional, structure-formative character, its social… Čítať ďalej
Z vedeckého života
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 557-559.
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 560-572.
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 573-575.
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 576-578.
Filozofia, 37 (1982), 4, 579-584.