Volume 52 (1997), 5
The problem of the moral is one of the most important problems in the theory of ethics. Its resolution depends on the moral goals proposed by the respective conceptions. The paper discusses various conceptions of the moral embodied in various ethical theories. In the author's view both militaristic and deontological conceptions in their pure and radical froms… Read more
The paper aims at a reconstruction of the conception of axiology of M. Váross, an outstanding Slovak philosopher, trying to establish axiology as an autonomous discipline based on arguments which could be empirically tested mainly by means of psychology of personality as the opposition to speculative metaphysics of values. The author (she) reviews Váross' book… Read more
The paper focuses on liberalism and its impact on political science of the last few decades. Attention is paid especially to Rawls' theory of justice, which has initiated an ongoing dicussion. The author (she) discusses the basic principles of Rawls' theory focusing on the problems of freedom and utilitarianism.
The paper discusses the qeustions of man's authentic being, his autonomy, his self-consciousness and selfreflection. By the help of the analyses of various philosophical conceptions of man's authenticity the author shows the transformations of the idea of authentic being during the last five decades. Attention is paid to such issues as "Man as a part of the world… Read more