Volume 54 (1999), 10
The author examines and explicates the intuitive concept of the knowledge a set. He points to the problems of set specification by means of empirical conditions or by means of expressions, of which the referent is world-dependent. Attention is paid also to the Russellian concept of acquaintance with a set. The last part of the paper shows various explications of… Read more
The paper focuses on N. Cartwright's views from her so called "capacities period" contrasted to the views of L. Nowak concerning scientific laws and scientific explanation. The author points out, that due to the lacking recognition of the inaccuracy of Nowak's argument even Cartwright's own views are to some extent inconsistent.
The paper examines the logical and semantical relevancy of epistemological views of Bertrand Russell. For Russell epistemological considerations were apparently one of the most important sources which provided him with a criterion for distinguishing complete and incomplete symbols. A complete symbol is defined as one having meaning in itself, while the meaning of… Read more
The paper aims at a critical analysis of two conceptions of the philosophy of history - those of St. Augustine and Hegel, both of them built up on an eschatological basis. The importance of Popper's criticism of historicism for the philosophy of history is also taken into account. In conclusion the author's own concption of the philosophy of history is outlined,… Read more