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Teórie vedomia v súčasnej filozofii

Filozofia, 44 (1989), 1, 21-27.
Typ článku: State - Filozofické problémy človeka

The paper sketches one of the plausible typologies of theories of consciousness. It proceeds from the assumption that the key characteristics of consciousness are directness towards the objects as well as communicativeness. Consciousness is related to the objects in the two distinct ways or the two forms of intentionality. In this perspective it is needful to distinguish between the spontaneous and the reflexive consciousness, between the consciosness of something and that about something. Consciousness intrinsically exists through objectivizations alone. One can discriminate among three basic types of objectivizing consciousness: instrumental activity, social interactions, and interpretative-expressive activities. Each type of objectivization facilitates a certain type of objectivity. The interpretative activities taken as the key manner of objectivizatton of consciosness the objectivity then thus becomes to be construed as resulting from the elimination of the subjective angles. Analyzing consciosness as objectivized via social interactions lets us grasp the objectivity as a form of the subjective angles agreement or coordination.

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