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Heglova Fenomenológia ducha

Filozofia, 33 (1978), 2, 195-212.
Typ článku: State - Otázky dejín filozofie
From the contents of Phenomenology of Spirit, in which the author explains the theory of cognition from the viewpoint of objective idealism, the paper comments only a short part of that extent which Marx called the subjective spirit. Hegel called the analyzed part the first grade of the development of consciousness in which the material object is the object of cognition and consciousness in its definition is introduced into harmony with it. This consciousness may also be called theoretical, passive consciousness, in comparison with the second developmental grade of the subjective spirit, when — according to Hegel — the consciousness finds itself to be the object of its own, when it attempts at self-realization and recognizes itself in everything real. This is why the consciousness becomes active, surpassing its other-being in the objective form and reaching in it equality with itself, i. e. the passive consciousness surpasses its limitations and starts to change into self-awareness in result of the dialectical self-development.
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