Historicism and its Various Conceptions
(Original title: Historizmus a jeho rôzne koncepcie v dejinách filozofie)Filozofia
, 35 (1980)
Type of work: Papers
Publication language: Slovak
Historicism expresses the relation between philosophy and history in a general way. It differentiates between ontological, gnoseological, methodological and logical aspects. Hegel dealt with this problem in the most general and multidimensional way. Philosophical conceptions that made effort in specifying the relation of philosophy and history in the later period developed above all gnoseological 'and methodological problems of historical knowledge. It was hermeneutic method which became dominant and which is considered to be a specific method of investigating historical phenomena. Ln it the dichotomy between spiritual (social) and natural sciences becomes deeper, which leads to overaccentuating the specifity of historical knowledge. Hermeneutics as a method (Dilthey) acquires later ontological accentuation and 'turns into ontology of language (Gadamer).
In Marxist philosophy historicism becomes the very principle which is the necessary component of concrete-historical investigation of history.