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O jednej verzii chápania slobody

Filozofia, 24 (1969), 4, 399-408.
Typ článku: State a diskusie
Some contemporary representatives of the so-called real politics like to make use of the conception of freedom as a known inevitableness. By means of it, they characterize their politics as free and, at the same time, they demonstrate it as corresponding to the given reality, as the only possible and, consequently, inevitable and for the other people the most useful politics. However, since they present this conception as a conception of Marxist philosophy, the present author attempted to confront this conception with the development of philosophical notions on freedom from the time of antiquity until Hegel and, in particular, to confront it with Marx’s and Engel’s conception of freedom. At the same time, the present author endeavored to apprehend the specificity of the aspect of understanding freedom as a known inevitableness by the representative of the so-called real politics; common features are found in him with the understanding of freedom by the manager or man who turned only into a function of a certain system. The author then discovers a level where man’s freedom can be and is a known inevitableness. It is a known, conscious inevitableness (an inevitable necessity) for the man or the community that roused themselves from the content slavery of self-evidence and cannot live any more in this bondage.
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