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Existenciálna dialektika rozhodnutia a skandalon

Filozofia, 67 (2012), 8, 689-702.
Typ článku: State

The existential dialectics of decision goes back to the Aristotelian concept of motion as a change meaning the free originating. Kierkegaard rejects the Hegelian dialectics of Aufhebung which dissolves the disjunction of possibility and reality, dissolving thereby also freedom. According to Kierkegaard the essential decision embodies willing the impossible. Therefore we need the concept of scandalon, i.e. indignation, which is the very opposite of belief pointing out exclusively to impossible. It is a fully transcendent dialectics of contradictions which can not be the object of reasoning any more, the medium of its motion being the absurd. The human essence, being the prototype of divine humanity, is the very possibility of making the impossible possible. This road of the objective impossibility is formed by an endless passion. Both Kierkegaard’s pseudonym writers (Climacus and Anticlimacus) bring this passion back into the core of the Christianity.

Kľúčové slová

Anti-Climacus, Climacus, Crisis, Decision, Existential dialectics, Freedom, G. W. F. Hegel, Impossible, Leap, Motion, Originating, S. Kierkegaard, Scandalon, The absurd

Súbor na stiahnutie: PDF