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Syntetická teória evolúcie a vývinový vedecký zákon

Filozofia, 44 (1989), 3, 301-311.
Typ článku: State - Filozofické problémy prírodných vied

It is the aim of the paper to find, at the methodological level, relationship between the teory of the evolutionary law which has been developed in the Marxist methodology of sciences and the problems of the synthetic theory of evolution which are considered by the evolutionists. The author presumes the basic idea that the organic system secures the reproduction of its basic preconditions and she sets up the question of defining and qualifying basic preconditions of the population as a kind of an organic system. She concludes that evolutionary factors may be qualified as basic preconditions of evolving population. In the theoretical reflection of microevolution the necessity is coming to the fore 1. to delimit alternatively to diferentiate between fundamental (general as sufficient and inevitable) and secondary (specific as modifying and individualizing) preconditions,, 2. to examine their relationships and interactions, 3, to know their evolution, which corresponds with the idea of extended reproduction of basic conditions and the theory of the evolution of evolution.

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