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Filozofické a metodologické otázky struktury

Filozofia, 33 (1978), 1, 61-75.
Typ článku: State - Filozofia a metodológia vied
Structurality, differentiation and mutual operation is the mode of being of all reality. The various levels of reality are marked by dialectical structures of their own that are the subjects of appropriate sciences. The structural analysis contains not only questions of the specialist reach for individual sciences, but also real philosophical problems. This is inevitable with regard to structural aspects of the whole reality. In the structure of the subject also the relations to the environment are integrated, because it is also the result of outer interactions itself. Although the elements of the environment do not enter it directly, but intermediately, they do condition and influence its stability and its changeability and its functions as well. It is typical of all nuances of French structuralism that structures are understood as stiff and unchangeable constructions. Mukarovský in this country and Bogatyrev in the USSR held the most consequential dialectical position in this question.
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