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Lenin a súčasné prírodné vedy

Filoozofia, 26 (1971), 1, 6-13.
Typ článku: State a diskusie
In the article devoted to the centenary of Lenin’s birthday the author analyzes the significance of Lenin’s works for all the fields of contemporary science. In the first part he analyzes Lenin’s thesis of the unexhaustibility of electron. After the conception that the atom is undivisable and unchanging failed, science was to decide between two possible solutions. The first considered electrons to be the ultimate unchanging particles of the atom structure. The second principally refused the theory of „ultimate“, absolute, and unexhaustable particles. Lenin held the latter view. According to him „ . . . nature is as endless as is its tiny particle (including in it also electron) . . . The electron is as unexhaustable as the atom is.“ The individual discrete forms of matter that we study are only certain landmarks on the way to the inner structure of matter. The further problem the author deals with is that of material bearers of properties of matter and its motion. A- property of a certain part of matter is determined by the very same particles of matter that interact with each other in different ways. Lenin considers to be the only correct methodological procedure of scientific study that of combining the principle of evolution with that of unity, with the principle of supplementarity, and the combination of the principle of unity with the principle of change and evolution. Fighting against vulgar materialists, Lenin defends Einstein’s relativity theory as an unambiguous materialist theory of space and time, even in spite of its remarkable abstractness and unillustrativeness. In the end of the article the author evaluates highly the role of marxist dialectic that considers to be the soul of Marxism. It is the methodological basis of partiality in philosophy. Marxist dialectic allows to find constructive solutions of all nuclear questions and issues of contemporary philosophy and its relations with natural science.
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