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Panoráma novodobej filozofie

Filozofia, 23 (1968), 3, 246-258.
Typ článku: State a diskusie
The main developmental tendencies in the contemporary philosophy are systematically analysed and an attempt is made to interprete scientific materialistic philosophy as a component of general immanent progression in philosophical thought. The author shows that the inner logic and sense of this progression is to be looked for in specific forms of the development proper of philosophy and not in extraphilosophical factors which cause and influence this progression. The crisis of the traditional systemic philosophy, i. e., the crisis of the a priori conceptualism as a methodological presupposition of the building of philosophical systems in the past serves as a starting point of the analysis. The above presupposition evidenced the extremely speculative character of traditional philosophy, both idealistic and materialistic, the lack of connection with the problems which began to appear, as early as in the second half of the last century, to be key problems. It was the problems of the new methodological and logical building up of modern science and the problems of a new approach to the individual aspects of human reality. The present author discovers in the above mentioned starting situation the sources of new progressions determining the character of the philosophical activity in our century. The basic motive was determined by the need to build up a modern systemic philosophy or new philosophical systems. As an inevitable presupposition of the building, the unfoldment is mentioned of the so-called scientistic philosophy, directed at problems of the new methodology, syntax, semantics and logical analysis, and the unfoldment of the so-called anthropological philosophy, directed at the investigation of cognitive and ontocreative aspects of human reality.
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