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Claude Lévi-Strauss — od logiky k fyziológii

Filozofia, 40 (1985), 5, 570-582.
Typ článku: State - Ku kritike buržoáznej filozofie 20. storočia
In the paper the author analyzes the contemporary state of research in the sphere of mythologies and the constitution of Marxist interpretation of mythology in the process of superseding of psychologism and vulgar sociologism in interpreting myths. It is from this aspect that he evaluates the contribution of C. Lévi-Strauss’s investigations and he separates them from Lévi-Strauss’s philosophic opinions which bring a reductionist, naturalist conception of foundations of human thought and culture. The author further investigates the function of the logic of binary oppositions that is considered by Lévi-Strauss to be elementary and universal form of human thinking. He proposes a program of methodological and historical analyses which will lead to a historical-logical specification of the function of binary oppositions in the history of human culture and which will contribute at the same time to Marxist reinterpretation of the whole material of contemporary semiotics.
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