The paper focuses on Kant’s analysis of university education system on the background of the historical condition of the 2nd half of the 18th century. Kant’s conception assumes an autonomous status of a university with no rights of the state power to intervene. He questiones the traditional organization of the university. He is in search for an answer to the question „What for philosophy?“ after the propedeutical role of philosophy has been overcome. The leading position is assigned to a „new“ philosophical faculty, which together with philosophy becomes the guarantee of truth. The precondition of this is its publicity.