Volume 77 (2022), 10
(Original title: Racionalita – logika – jazyk)Filozofia, 77 (2022), 10, 741.
(Original title: Bída racionální iracionality, případ konspiračních teorií)Filozofia, 77 (2022), 10, 743 - 755.
Discussions in contemporary epistemology are burdened with confusions about the terms “rational”, “rationality” and their antonyms. In economy, for an agent to be rational simply means to satisfy the Bayesian probability axioms, but the situation in philosophy is much more complicated. Two kinds of rationality are usually distinguished. Epistemic rationality is an… Read more
(Original title: Hluboký nesouhlas a naturalizovaná etika)Filozofia, 77 (2022), 10, 756 - 769.
Disagreement over moral issues is not uncommon and usually is not considered an obstacle in the search for the right solutions. Differences among individuals’ moral beliefs can be explained by the application of different non-moral facts, i.e., by different epistemology. Some ethicists believe that such a problem is not for ethics to solve. This paper aims to show… Read more
(Original title: Jazyk ako nástroj exaktného myslenia vo vede)Filozofia, 77 (2022), 10, 770 - 790.
In ordinary experience, we base knowledge on more or less subjective sensory perception, whereas scientific knowledge is based on objective data. In this paper we try to analyze the changes that have taken place in ordinary language so that it could become an effective tool for reasoning in the exact sciences. We will start, in the first part of the paper, from the… Read more
(Original title: The Myth of the Victim Public. Democracy contra Disinformation)Filozofia, 77 (2022), 10, 791 - 803.
Do people fall for online disinformation, or do they actively utilize it as a tool to accomplish their goals? Currently, the notion of the members of the public as victims of deception and manipulation prevails in the debate. It emphasizes the need to limit people’s exposure to falsehoods and bolster their deficient reasoning faculties. However, the observed… Read more
(Original title: Kritická racionalita a možnosť nemožného. Glosy – Fragmenty Otakara A. Fundu)Filozofia, 77 (2022), 10, 804 - 814.
Otakar A. Funda is a proponent of critical rationalism, which explains phenomena from phenomena, prefers the scientific method, rejects illusions, and fictions of redemption and is extremely reserved about the so-called “last justifications”. At the same time, Funda represents a strong line in the contemporary philosophy of religion – he is a representative of… Read more
(Original title: LUBY, Štefan: Naša národná akadémia)Filozofia, 77 (2022), 10, 815 - 819.