The relationships between philosophy and psychology have their history and complexity. The author gives an account of the so called philosophical psychologies I and II (before and after the rise of scientific psychology), based on the identification of the psychological issues within philosophy itself, as well as on the outline of the main tracks of the development of both disciplines. He suggests, that due to such events in the development of the 20th century philosophy as 1. Dewey's anti-dualism, 2. Heidegger's fundamental ontology. 3. later Wittgenstein's philosophy of language, 4. post-structuralist deconstruction of the self and 5. Gadamer's hermeneutics we shall be. in the end, able to give up the mentalistic vocabulary in philosophy and psychology. However, we shall presumably need this vocabulary for other purposes (practical), for solving the problems of human life and relationships which are unique opportunities for philosophy and psychology to collaborate.