The article examines two interpretations of several verses of the famous Greek lyric poet Pindar. Pindar’s poem has not been preserved; its probably introductory verses were recorded by Plato in the dialogue Gorgias. However, the verses are not declaimed by Socrates, but by his greatest opponent in the dialogue – a young aspiring Athenian politician Callicles. Another author referring to the main idea of the first line of Pindar’s poem was his contemporary – historian Herodotus. The aim of the article is to compare these two interpretations.