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Poňatie kritiky v marxisticko-leninskej filozofii

Filozofia, 28 (1973), 2, 137-146.
Typ článku: State a diskusie
The author of the paper points out that the conception of criticism is most frequently used in connection with the overcoming of non-antagonistic contradictions. The author -holds the opinion that the notion of criticism is thus not exhausted. This is what has been testified also by Marx’s, Engels’s and Lenin’s views on criticism and self-criticism introduced in the paper by the author. The author takes criticism for a method of disclosing mistakes and defects based upon a manysided dialectical evaluation of the activity, of the result of the work of a collective or of an individual from the point of view of objective historical truth and interests of the most progressive class of contemporary society — the working class. It is necessary to have enough facts for evaluation of the results of work. In this connection the author introduces Lenin’s thoughts on his relation to facts. He points out that the gaining of facts is a complex gnozeological process, but without them the conception of marxist criticism would not have the full meaning. In the conclusion he points out that with the conception of criticism even such means of cognition are connected as intuition and hypothesis that can participate in forseeing and thus also in preventing mistakes.
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