Kierkegaard’s influence on social-political thought is a lively topic in current scholarly debates on Kierkegaard’s philosophy. Buber’s social-political reception of Kierkegaard is relatively well-known but the research has so far focused almost exclusively on Buber’s dialogical oeuvre (i.e. works written after 1916). The paper broadens the scope of research by elucidating Buber’s pre-dialogical reception of Kierkegaard’s ideas and conceptual emphases. It examines the ways in which Kierkegaard provided inspiration for Buber’s philosophy of Judaism, theory of patriotism and theory of political groups.